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Drug Crimes | Criminal Defense Drug & Narcotic Offenses




Defending drug charges with science
Defending drug charges with science


Drug crimes can have severe and detrimental effects on a person's life.  There are strict punishments, which may include registration, prison, jail, probation, and Prop 36 drug court.  Rehabilitation programs may be a realistic alternative to jail or prison sentences.  Each offense carries a unique punishment, and may allow an offender to avoid prison, jail, or even a criminal record.  PC 1000 is a viable option for many first time drug offenders, which allows the accused to avoid having a conviction record for many offenses, and circumstances.  However, with the passing of Proposition 47, many drug offense have been reduced to misdemeanors in the California State Court System.  This has had a detrimental effect on California, as many defendants who are no longer facing felony charges or long prison sentences, choose to accept the misdemeanor charges and move forward with a probation sentence, adult offender work program, or probation rather than put in the work and effort involved to have a charge dismissed pursuant to Penal Code Section 1000.  This can have a detrimental effect on the rest of their life.

Drug crimes can be very serious offenses.  In California if you have been charged you should immediately Consult an experienced Fresno Criminal Defense Lawyer.  The potential sentence for the offense depends on the type and quantity of the controlled substance involved, you could face serious penalties for a conviction of a drug crime offense.  The charges depend on the type of drug crime you are charged with.  The three most common drug offenses are: Possession of a controlled substance (Ex. Marijuana, cocaine, hash, honey oil, methamphetamine, MDMA, Ecstasy, Cocaine, heroin . . . ) distribution of a controlled substance (Commonly referred to as sales of a controlled substance, and finally, cultivation.  The confusing and inconsistent laws regarding Medical or medicinal marijuana in California adds to the high incident of arrests for cultivation of Marijuana, especially in the Fresno County and Central Valley region. The harshness of the penalty you may receive depends on the circumstances surrounding the crime for which you are charged, you may face extremely harsh penalties for certain offenses. If you are charged, for example, with selling drugs (narcotics) to minors your potential sentence may be very harsh.  There are further enhancements, penalties, and punishment for selling narcotics (drugs) within certain distances of a school.   California charges and sentences for narcotics or controlled substances are based upon the Schedule classification of  the controlled substances.

Schedule I

Schedule I classification is reserved for substances with a high potential for abuse, and no recognized medical use.




Marijuana, which has been “legalized” in California for medicinal use.  However, the Federal Government does not recognize state law as controlling, therefore, the Federal Classification remains controlling.

Schedule II

These controlled substances are characterized as having a high potential for abuse, but some accepted medical use.


Morphine (which is also a metabolite of Codeine)



Schedule III

Medium potential for abuse, more accepted medical use.



Tylenol with Codeine

Anabolic steroids

Schedule IV and V

Low potential for abuse, more accepted medical use.



Robitussin AC

If you have been accused, arrested, cited, or charged with a drug (narcotic), controlled substance offense in the Central valley, you should considering scheduling a free consultation with Fresno Criminal Defense Attorney Jonathan Rooker: Call for a Free Consultation!

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"Criminal defense is about helping good people, that is what I do." Jonathan Rooker

Experienced Fresno and Madera County Criminal Defense Attorney Jonathan Rooker understands the needs of each client are quite unique to each individual client. Some clients are looking to keep their drivers license, others are looking to avoid long periods of incarceration. Many times pride and principles are cited for the client's motivation to achieve a particular resolution to their case. Many clients just want to put their life, family, and career back together. It is the responsibility of the defense attorney to coordinate and effective defense for the benefit of the client. It is essential that I provide the best defense for the individual person and their specifically tailored needs in life. I will help you by building the best defense that the facts allow. One important aspect of hiring a private attorney is the time they spend listening to your needs, and working to obtain an effective resolution under the circumstances. When these problems arise, it's time to reach out for a helping hand. I handle criminal defense cases on a daily basis, helping people with their issues. Let me help you.